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BTN- Weedy sea dragons


This week I watched a video on Weedy sea dragons and why they are almost extinct and how they are getting them out of extinction.

This is the video on Weedy sea dragons click here 


Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green =  Questions

Black  = More Information

Only 15klm form Sydney you will find a unique dragon and that dragon is known as the sea dragon. The sea dragon is located in the water and they are strange yet very beautiful creatures. They live amongst the seaweed.

Weedy sea dragons are native to Australia and can be found off the south and east coasts. They have an adaption to swim and camouflage in the coral, they have been around Australia for thousands of years now and they are very close to being extinct.

They are related to seahorses and spend most of their day floating in the ocean where all the coral and seaweed is. They blend in with the kelp around them, making it hard for predators and scuba divers to spot. The problem with these unique and beautiful creatures is that they are becoming extra hard to spot. It is mainly because of their clever camouflaging that is making it hard for them to be spotted.

They are best found on the south coast of Australia and mainly in Sydney. Sydney used to have the Majority of Sea dragons, especially on the north side. If you go scuba diving now you would be very lucky  to find one.    Image result for where are sea dragons commonly found NSW map

Why is their suddenly no more sea dragons on the North side of Sydney?

It is not the end for these creatures because marine biologists have a plan to see how many Weedy sea dragons are left. Their process was to capture and tag the sea dragons, although now they have found another way to keep them out of extinction. Now they are asking marine biologists on the NSW, VIC and TAS coast to take a photo of them with a scientific camera.  From there they will send their photos in and they will examine them very carefully on a specific software.

The software program allows the researches to look at unique fingerprints on the side of the sea dragon.    The researchers then figure the different identifications of the facials and give them a name, here are some names they have used Greg, Alicia and David. They are kind of the species name, they give a different name to every new sea dragon they find. They then can follow the sea dragon over years to see progress and success of the Weedy sea dragon.

I wonder if this software works on any other animals and if so what animals have they tried it on?

Weedy sea dragons are classified as near threatened, which is why researchers are trying to find the best way to make them endangered and eventually safe and non-endangered. Climate change is one of the biggest issues because rising of sea temperature is killing kelp which leaves them homeless.

Researches are having a positive result to this problem.  Researchers have stated “once they are gone they are gone, so we are doing everything we can now so they are not gone forever, since they have been alive for many thousands of years.”

I understand how important it is to have a positive attitude to dying animals. It is important because if you have no sympathy or no initiative you won’t do anything about it and you will let the animal die out and regret it because you cannot change the past.   

Divers are going to take more photos so they can figure out an efficient way to keep sea dragons alive…

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BTN- Tasmanian devils


This weeks video was on Tasmanian Devils and a cure so they aren’t extinct.

To see the Tasmanian devil video Click here


Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green =  Questions

Black  = More Information


There is a disease going around and it is affecting most Tasmanian devils. Zoos and scientists have been working hard and finally figuring out how Tasmanian devils won’t die out.

It is a slow process although they are getting some great results. Keep reading to see how they do it.

Most people think that Tasmanian devils are “devils” because of their face image. Zoo keepers strongly disagree. They have a soft spot for them like they are their own pets, they play with them and do everything for them. Not only because it is their job but because they could be endangered and never spotted again. In other words extinct.

Tasmanian Devils population decreased by more than 80%. Tasmanian devils have died out across mainland Australia about 400 years ago.

They have the name Tasmania devils, because for 400 years Tasmanian devils are only found in Tasmania and continue to be only found in Tasmania. They are an iconic Tasmanian animal. That a lot of people enjoys going to look at in the zoo.

Tasmania devils started being hunted when European settlers came because Tasmanian devils were eating people’s chickens.

Now Tasmanian devils are protected by law. Although now there is a different threat that started in the middle of the nineteen hundreds.  It is called the devil face tumor disease. It is a type of cancer that is contagious. Scientists are still working hard to find the cause of this disease that affects thousands of Tasmanian devils.   

The way the Tasmanian devils gets the disease is by biting each other. It is a contagious disease and when one Tasmanian devil has it, it spreads fairly quickly because the Tasmanian devils are always touching each other and play fighting and when they do that the disease spreads. It is really hard to control this disease and a big job for Zoo keepers.

The animal is affected by a tumor around its mouth and face until it can’t eat anymore, then unfortunately dies from starvation. It is a tragic disease because once they get the disease they only have 6 months before they die.

Most scientists in Tasmania really hope “the disease will die out before the devil does”

How does the zoo keeper and Tasmanian devil have such a good bond?

Their biggest solution is a breeding program.  Zoos are breeding Tasmanian devil babies called joeys. When they are born they are as big as a grain of rice. The mother gives birth to 30 joeys although there are 4 teats so only 4 make it out to survive.

Zoo keepers and scientists would hate for these creatures to be extinct. They are really trying their hardest because it could be their last hope. They have started the “devil breeding program” and they have already raised 50 devils. The scientists and zoo keepers do everything the can including sneaking around to the Tasmanian devils cage at night to see how they’re going.

I understand the idea of the devil breeding program. More devils means more of a chance of   Tasmanian Devils not being extinct. It is a great Idea because it is not right for Tasmania devils to be extinct. It is a great plan B because plan A would be a cure for the disease.

Their aim is to breed as many devils and make a whole new population in case every last one in the wild dies out. It is not easy breeding with animals because devils that are born in captivity don’t get pregnant as easily as in the wild.

How long has the “devil breeding program” been going on for?

It is an important cause and doing one thing could save the Tasmanian devil population…







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BTN-House Pricing


This weeks BTN was about house pricing in Australia. It was a little bit about other countries with different house pricing.

This was the video…click here


Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green =  Questions

Black  = More Information

Lately in the housing department they have been worried that the not many first home buyers could afford an ideal house that would suit them. 

Houses are the most expensive things an average person would ever buy.  They are also getting more expensive very quickly.

The average house price in Australia is now about $656,800.

To afford all that money, most people go to the bank and borrow money.  Although getting money from the bank is fine, even though you get charged interest.

Houses have never been more expensive then now.

Australian workers on average earn 10 times more than what they did 40 years ago, although houses are now 30 times more as what they were 40 years ago.

House prices were cheaper in the olden days and now they are much more expensive.

I understand why house prices are more expensive because times have changed and in the olden days they had bigger issues like convicts, world wars and poverty. Not worrying about houses and house pricing.   

Other countries around the world are struggling with house prices, such as NYC, London, Tokyo, Paris and Denmark are having much bigger issues with house pricing.

Some creative options if you are struggling are:

  • House boats
  • Old shipping containers


The countries that have the biggest problems with house pricing are Britain, America, Canada and Europe.

Australia’s new federal budget is making it easier and more affordable for first home buyers. It is also making it harder for people overseas to buy homes as an investment. So Australian’s won’t need to compete against them to buy a house. They are encouraging older people to sell their home and move into smaller houses so new owners and young families can live in their suitable house.

I understand why they are encouraging older people to sell their house because older people could give first home buyers a good start home and older people might want a smaller home to live in.

Do first home buyers get money off on their first home?

Australia still has a lot to do before we have perfect house pricing…

Until housing dreams will one day come true…

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BTN- Debt


This weeks video was about debt and the difference between good and bad debt.

This is the video… click here


Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green =  Questions

Black  = More Information

Debt is when you borrow money because you can’t afford to buy something when you need or want it quickly. You borrow the money at the time to get what you need and pay back the money later.

If there was no debt how would that affect our lives?

Many different country’s borrow money and most end up being in Debt, even Australia…

That is because governments get loans from a bank to build things, to get better education and to help out with more happening in our country and our society.

Debt also makes you pay interest…

For some time now Australia is trying to work on not being in so much debt. The government is trying hard to get to a surplus which is where the government has money left over after paying for everything they need to.  It is difficult to get to a surplus because the government still needs to buy things to make Australia better. Although the government won’t give up.

This is where Good debt and Bad debt comes in…

Just recently Treasurer Scott Morrison has said, Australia should be looking at debt a bit differently as good and bad debt.

Bad debt is buying things on the internet and things you want for example

  • A non-managed credit card
  • Expensive car if you can’t afford it
  • money for a holiday
  • Jewellery or some precious figurines

Anything that you can’t benefit from. Thing you have to be careful before you buy.




Good debt is things you need that will make you money in the future and things you would need to live, for example


  • Houses
  • Infrastructure
  • Education
  • Car

Things that will give you more money in the future. Ask yourself “can I pay this back one day?”


Is technology good or bad debt? 


The government uses good debt for infrastructure because it helps people. Fountains, badges and fancy things are bad debt.


I understand the difference between good and bad debt. Good debt is when you buy something you can afford to pay back later and will benefit you in the future. You don’t use debt as an advantage to get new toys or clothes or something that entertains you. Then bad debt is when you buy something that has no purpose and it goes down in value.


If you’re prepared to be in debt think about this

“Can I pay for it later or will this benefit me in future”



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BTN- citizen ship changes


This weeks video was on how the government wants to make citizenship changes.

This is the video… click here


Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green =  Questions

Black  = More Information

Julia Galliard, Keith Urban, Sophie Monk and the founders of AC/DC all came to Australia. They weren’t born in Australia, they decided to come to Australia and they also decided to become Australian citizens. They aren’t refugees because they didn’t escape from where they lived, they decided to come here by choice.

Anyone that was born here automatically became an Australian citizen without doing any tests.

Although the people I mentioned before had to do a test and fill in paperwork to become a citizen of Australia. Once you have registered and passed the test you can officially be an Australia citizen you get to be an “official Aussie” with the same rights and responsibilities as any regular Aussie.

The benefits of becoming a citizen is you get to vote, pay accurate taxes and get to live in Australia permanently.

Every year more than 100 000 people from 200 different nations get given this important piece of paper (kind of like a certificate) that tells you, you are an official Australian citizen they also have to enter this really important ceremony and swear an oath to be loyal to Australia.

What are specific nations that come regulary?

Our government says “It should be an honour that is only given to people that claim to up hold our country‘s laws and values”.  So that’s why the government wants to make a change to the process of becoming an Australian Citizen.

In 1997 John Howard then prime minister made a test, written in English and it is multiple choice including questions on our history, culture and values. Every 18 to 60 year old has to take the test they also have to be permanent resident for At least a year to take the test.

I wonder why John Howard decided to make a test?

The government has decided to make the test harder so Australia will be safer.

The criteria is

  • You have to have lived permanently for 4 years
  • They will have to undergo more tougher criminal background checks
  • Questions will be added to prove that you can speak English fluently
  • Agree with respecting woman
  • Agree with respecting kids rights
  • Limited times you can do the test if you fail

New citizens will prove they can fit into society. So they will have to work, send kids to school, join a club /committee and show how they can be a true Aussie.

Some say there is no point in doing a test because tests can’t show everyone’s values and when it is a tougher test with fluent English it could exclude others that are still learning English.

I understand why they need to change the test because it is important for Australia to be a safe country. Some people could come when they shouldn’t be, or in a gang.  

But this thought has to still have to go through parliament…

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BTN-cloud Atlas


This week I watched a video about cloud atlas…

This is the cloud atlas video… click here


Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green =  Questions

Black  = More Information

Clouds are something you don’t take much notice of. Although sometimes you do take notice when it is raining or you’re spending some time figuring out a shape in the sky.

Although there are many more things that happen to clouds.

Clouds form when warm air rises and then slowly cools down.  The water then decreases and turns into icy particles, then the particles go onto dusty particles and that is why you can see fuzzy /fluffy looking masses in the sky.

Cloud are actually really handy and important in our universe and atmosphere. They help regulate our planets temperature and clouds also bring rain and snow. Meteorologists use them to help learn more about weather and climates around our universe.

That is why we have a cloud atlas that is about 140 years old and very handy for meteorologists. It has practically become a catalogue for cloud formations and cloud species. It has different clouds pictures, definitions and explanations from all around the world.

I understand that clouds have their own species just like animals. So every cloud is a different species and has its own scientific cloud name.

Check this link to find out more www.cloudatlas.com  and this link www.cloudappreciationsociety.com

For the first time in 10 years the cloud atlas has let new clouds be added. It was originally a hard copy on paper, although with the technology we have now they decided to put it online.

Why wouldn’t they let people put their ideas in the cloud atlas for 130 years?

(I am sure people got photos of cool clouds in between 140 years.)

There has been a new species just recently added called the volutus. It is a cloud that is known as the morning glory.

One iconic cloud is called the Asperitas that looks like a rough dark sea from the surface. This cloud has a Tasmanian connection. The person that photographed to identify this cloud is a Tasmanian Grandfather named Garry.

I understand how hard it would be to take an exact photograph of the cloud you are looking for because there are no “cloud experts” that will tell you when this cloud is coming, so you would have to judge it really well and accurately to find the cloud you are looking for.  

So keep your eye in the sky because you just might see a cloud around…

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Interview Video- Anh Do


This week we watched an interview of Anh Do talking about whats in his book and what happens in his life.

click here for the link of the video I watched and did a reflection of (which is down below)  


Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green =  Questions

Black  = More Information



Anh Do is a Vietnamese Refugee who came to Australia.

Anh Do wrote a refugee book about his life and how he escaped from Vietnam also why he escaped from Vietnam. He also says in his book about how he got to Australia and the rest of his life.

Aged 2, Anh Do escaped from Vietnam with his family. He was at sea in his boat for 5 days. Until he hit Australia

Just Imagine you have flown to Europe or America far away on a plane and it takes about 18 hours so times that by five or going up and back up and back and up. In a little boat with not much people in stormy seas and you are about 2 and you have hardly any food or water you are also escaping from war so you can never come back. So I understand how harsh hard and heart breaking the journey would be.

They came across 2 pirate attacks one of the pirate attacks grabbed Anh Do’s brother and the pirates threatened to kill Khao Do (Anh Do’s brother) and whatever got to the pirates, I don’t know, although the pirates didn’t kill Khao Do.

Khao Do went on having a great life in Australia and became the junior Australian of the year in 2005.

 What was the pirate’s inspiration to let Anh Do’s little brother Khao Do free?

What happened in the 2nd pirate attack?

Anh Do was rescued by Germans after pirate attacks and storms.

They were relived, rescued and reassured that Germans came to rescue them. They threw Anh Do’s dad an axe and said if you want to get rescued break your boat that’s our policy your boat has to be sinking for us to rescue you. So that is what the dad did and the Germans then brought them to Australia which Anh Do’s family has called Australia (there home) for about 40 years.

Anh Do is a comedian a movie star and a best selling book author.

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BTN Federation explained (splash video)


Here is the video we had to watch for this weeks home work: click here to find the splash video that I did for homework 


Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green =  Questions

Black  = More Information


Australia is a large, beautiful country with vast land and the majority of the Australian population speak English.

Although things could have been really different if history had taken a different path. For example in 1642 Aiden Tasman stumbled over Tasmania, if he stayed there for more time than he did, we would all be speaking Dutch.

How much would our life change if Aiden Tasman stayed? Would we be speaking Dutch and would that affect anything in our lives today?

Originally my country wasn’t officially called “Australia” until 1770, when Captain James cook claimed majority of Australia for Great Britain.

Australia at one point in time was one continent and it had 6 different countries which were colonies and Great Britain was in charge. The 6 colonies were like countries since they all had their own defence forces, their own trade policies and their own vehicle transportation.

The colonies started to think about joining together so they could have a larger and stronger defence force. Although they were still suspicions about how they would all work together.

I understand why the colonies weren’t ready to trust each other because they couldn’t agree on how the small or big populated were going to work together. They needed to trust each other to become a country with shared roles and with equal rights to be a good country. 

The colonies could have become their own individual countries like USA and Canada. For example parts of Asia had to fight a war to turn into separate countries like India and Pakistan. In Australia they agreed that the more populated countries would have the same number of senators. From there they decided to make a new country “Australia”, on July the 9th 1900 Great Britain agreed Australia be its own country, with its own rules and laws. On January 1st 1901 Federation happened, letting the colonies join together to become one country, a new nation and the commonwealth of Australia. The Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory (ACT) the territories joined in later. 

Although Women still couldn’t vote until 1902 and aboriginals couldn’t vote until 1962, they weren’t even counted in Australians population until 1971.

I understand why things weren’t still the best, because they couldn’t be, because not everything is perfect. They just got together and they wanted to run a safe, happy and wealthy country which isn’t easy. So I am sure they got straight to work because now Australia is a safe, happy and wealthy country.      

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BTN -Convicts stealing


BTN: I watched a video about how history is changed and from 2 soldiers becoming a covict:


      Blue = Facts


Green = Questions

Black=More Information

Soldiers Sudd and Thompson wanted to steal on purpose so they could get convicted. Some soldiers considered this a privilege. Convicts get assigned hours, have a much easier job, gets agreed rates of pay and last of all when they have finished their time they could get to buy some land. That is why Sudd and Thompson wanted to be a convict because they thought it was fairer.

Thompson and Sudd thought they were stealing cloth but not knowing they were stealing a place in history.  Stealing history meaning that they were the first to get tortured as a punishment and stir up a lot of drama about if their punishment was fair.

Thompson and Sudd wanted to be convicts because regular soldiers get a lousy pay, get bored and are victims of brutality and get home sick.  So they wanted to be a convicts.

Times were changing and Australia was getting harsher.  Governor Darling set the punishment and he made it a whole lot tougher.  Instead they had to do much more dirty work than what they were expecting.

Their punishment was to get chained up on their arms legs and neck.  It was called torture the prisoners couldn’t stand or walk properly. It was dreadful.

I understand that the soldiers would feel heart broken and betrayed that they were the first to get this torture.  They would also feel let down and regret that they chose to steal to be a convict.  While most of the population chose to steal to live.   


 Francis Falls was the first Chief Justice of New South Wales. He got awarded that position by a High Court member. One of Francis’s jobs was to make sure that England wouldn’t criticise Australia’s Laws.

Thompson and Sudd got a very hard punishment and Francis thought the punishment was very repugnant to England in which they should have been transported to a secondary penal settlement for 7 years not to get chained.

Darling (who set the punishment) turned into an autocrat and made it very harsh for the two soldiers.

As they are doing their punishment Sudd (one of the boys who stole the cloth) couldn’t bear it so he went to prison hospital where his chain got removed although he died in agony 5 days later. 

Understanding I can see why Sudd died because he was getting choked and the regret and pressure got to him and apparently he was sick beforehand.  

Wentworth decided to repeat the issue and make his own decisions about what would happen.  He decided to impeach the Governor.

Did Wentworth ever get to impeach the governor for doing something he doesn’t agree with?    

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BTN First fleet


We watched 2 video on the first fleet and this is what I got from it.



Green- facts

Blue understanding

Red Question

Australia day is on the 26th of January.
We celebrate it on the 26th because that when the white people came. Did it make a difference to Australia? Yes. Was it good at the time?

 In the 1700’s     

Maids, butlers, workers and even kids were sentenced to death or gaol for life. English laws were really hard and harsh. Stealing one thing to survive could result the death sentence. It was hard for everyone because they couldn’t even go somewhere or sell something or women could not do men’s jobs without landing in serious trouble.

Why did England make the laws and rules so harsh?


There were both children and adults in goal. Poor innocent kids were locked away. Orphans or kids that had a family all wanted the same thing, a normal life.


 In England everyone was poor because of laws and the way they ran England.  Poverty lead to a majority of people being homeless. It was either be sick and die on the streets or stay in gaol for the rest of your life.


There were so many gaols that couldn’t bear to put another soul in. So they killed some until they had the solution of transportation. Brittans could go to either Africa or America although America didn’t want them to use their land so they rode up against them so they wouldn’t use their land.

So why didn’t they use Africa?

So they sailed off to Australia which was a land that not many people had been to at the time. They went off to New South Wales with most of their convicts to start a new colony.

11 ships headed off to New South Wales, 6 out of 11 were to transport convicts. They were the Alexander, the Friendship, the Charlotte, the Lady Penbryn, the Prince of Wales and the Scarborough followed by 2 navy ships HMS Sirius and HMS Supplies and 3 just for supplies, the Golden Grove, the Fishburn and the Borrowdale. Captain Arthur Phillip got to lead that colony.

The convicts weren’t so positive about their ship. On the voyage, they were sick some died and 17 of them were poor innocent children.  The ship went through Portsmouth on the 13th of May 1787, then they arrived at Rio de Janerio on 5th of August 1787, then went on to the Cape of Good Hope in Africa.  They followed on and anchored at what Arthur Phillip called Sydney cove.
The convicts found it new, strange and harsh.

To the aboriginals it was their place they called home for tens of thousands of years. Was their home being replaced?

The aboriginal’s were replaced by white people. They called them ghost people. It was hard for them because there home was going. But they were determined to keep it. They kept living their lives and took no notice about the white people. They went their own separate ways but sometimes came into contact and just ignored them after that.  

I feel for the Aboriginals because having your home and your heritage damaged and replaced would be hurtful and wrong.


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